Swamy was a scientist with a passion for history. Introduction This is the setting for what follows below: By field flanders the poem analysis essays of Wade an introduction and a history of the aryan invasion theory Frazier.
The myth of Aryan Invasion Introduction The aryan invasion theory has been one of the most controversial historical topics for well over a century. However, it should be pointed out that it remains just that — a theory.
To date no hard evidence has proven the aryan invasion theory to be fact. In this essay we will explain the roots of this hypothesis and how, due to recent emergence of new evidence over the last couple of decades, the validity of the aryan invasion theory has been seriously challenged.
It is indeed ironic that the origin of this theory does not lie in Indian records, but in 19th Century politics and German nationalism. Elphinstone, the first governor of the Bombay Presidency, wrote in his book History of India: Even mythology goes no further than the Himalayan chain, in which is fixed the habitation of the gods To say that it spread from a central point is an unwarranted assumption, and even to analogy; for, emigration and civilization have not spread in a circle, but from east to west.
Where, also, could the central point be, from which a language could spread over India, Greece, and Italy and yet leave Chaldea, Syria and Arabia untouched? There is no reason whatever for thinking that the Hindus ever inhabited any country but their present one, and as little for denying that they may have done so before the earliest trace of their records or tradition.
Many scholars such as August Wilhelm von Schlegal, Hern Wilhelm von Humboldt, and Arthur Schopenhauer lauded praise upon the Vedic literatures and their profound wisdom, others were less than impressed.
To accept that there was an advanced civilization outside the boundaries of Europe, at a time before the Patriarchs Abraham and Moses had made their covenant with the Almighty was impossible to conceive of for most European scholars, who harbored a strong Christian tendency.
Most scholars of this period were neither archeologists nor historians in the strict sense of the word. Rather, they were missionaries paid by their governments to establish western cultural and racial superiority over the subjugated Indian citizens, through their study of the indigenous religious texts.
Consequently, for racial, political and religious reasons, early European indologists created a myth that still survives to this day. They then needed to ascertain where this homeland was. By pure speculation, it was proposed that this homeland was either southeast Europe or Central Asia.
Harappa and Mohenjo-daro The discovery of ruins in the Indus Valley Harappa and Mohenjo-daro was considered by indologists like Wheeler as proof of their conjectures — that a nomadic tribe from foreign lands had plundered India.
It was pronounced that the ruins dated back to a time before the Aryan Invasion, although this was actually never verified. By assigning a period of years to each of the several layers of the pre-Buddhist Vedic literature, indologists arrived at a time frame of somewhere between and BC for the Invasion of the Aryans.
They thus postulated that the Aryan Invasion could not have taken place any time before BC. Archeologists excavating the sites at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro found human skeletal remains; this seemed to them to be undeniable evidence that a large-scale massacre had taken place in these cities by the invading Aryan hordes.
What of these skeletal remains that have taken on such undeserved importance? Nine years of extensive excavations at Mohenjo-daro - a city of three miles in circuit - yielded the total of some 37 skeletons, or parts thereof, that can be attributed with some certainty to the period of the Indus civilizations.
This "Aryan Invasion Theory" is not supported by the archeological and genetic data, and is not representative of the "Indo-Aryan migration theory". Decline of Indus Valley Civilisation The decline of the IVC from about BCE started before the onset of the Indo-Aryan migrations. Nov 21, · Discussing about how the Aryan invasion theory came to existence. I know its a really touchy subject but we must carefully analyse the topic without being . The Aryan Invasion: theories, counter-theories and historical significance The Aryan Invasion theory was first propounded when linguistic similarities between Sanskrit and the major European languages were discovered by European scholars during the colonial era.
Some of these were found in contorted positions and groupings that suggest anything but orderly burials. Many are either disarticulated or incomplete. They were all found in the area of the Lower Town - probably the residential district.
Not a single body was found within the area of the fortified citadel where one could reasonably expect the final defense of this thriving capital city to have been made…Where are the burned fortresses, the arrow heads, weapons, pieces of armor, the smashed chariots and bodies of the invaders and defenders?
Despite the extensive excavations at the largest Harappan sites, there is not a single bit of evidence that can be brought forth as unconditional proof of an armed conquest and the destruction on the supposed scale of the Aryan Invasion.
They then wrote down their exploits in the form of the Rg Veda. This hypothesis was apparently based upon references in the Vedas that point to a conflict between the light-skinned Aryans and the dark-skinned Dasyus.
Thus the Vedas became nothing more than a series of poetic tales about the skirmishes between two barbaric tribes. However, there are other references in the Rg Veda 3 that point to India being a land of mixed races. An inattentive skimming through the Vedas has resulted in a gross misinterpretation of social and racial struggles amongst the ancient Indians.
North Aryans were pitted against the Southern Dravidians, high-castes against low-castes, civilized orthodox Indians against barbaric heterodox tribals.Moreover the whole aryan invasion theory has its basis on Max mueller's BC date to Rig vedas.
But the irony is that Max mueller himself, in his last years, suspected the date he assigned to rig veda (refer few of his letters).Reviews: The Aryan invasion theory thus turned the "Vedas", the original scriptures of ancient India and the Indo-Aryans, into little more than primitive poems of uncivilized plunderers.
Aryan Invasion theory has no support whatsoever from Indian records - literary or archaeological. In this Imperial history, India is portrayed as the land “conquered” first by the ‘Dravidians’, then by the ‘Aryans’, later by Muslims, and finally by the British. Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler (10 September – 22 July ) was a British archaeologist and officer in the British barnweddingvt.com the course of his career, he served as Director of both the National Museum of Wales and London Museum, Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, and the founder and Honorary Director of the Education: Bradford Grammar School.
Indo-Aryan migration models discuss scenarios around the theory of an origin from outside the Indian subcontinent of Indo-Aryan peoples, an ascribed ethnolinguistic group that spoke Indo-Aryan languages, the predominant languages of North India.
May 01, · By His Grace Chaitanya Charan Das Problems with the Aryan invasion theory (Adapted from A Survey of Hinduism by Klaus Klostermaier) 1.
Unsubstantiated Linguistic Conjecture: The Aryan invasion.