Darbar of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, showing people of all religions. The Sikh Empire — was forged by Maharajah Ranjit Singh on the foundations of the Khalsa from a collection of autonomous Sikh misls, creating a unified political state. The empire extended from the Khyber Pass in the west, to Kashmir in the north, to Sindh in the south, and Tibet in the east. The main geographical footprint of the empire was the Punjab region.
Indian Freedom Struggle Indian Freedom Struggle In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Aryans came from Central Europe and settled down in India. The Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India. Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India.
Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, invaded and looted India many times. Alexander the Great too, came to conquer India but went back after a battle with Porus.
He-en Tsang from China came in pursuit of knowledge and to visit the ancient Indian universities of Nalanda and Takshila. Columbus wanted to come to India, but instead landed on the shores of America. The French came and established their colonies in India.
Lastly, the Britishers came and ruled over India for nearly years. After the battle of Plassey inthe British achieved political power in India. And their paramountcy was established during the tenure of Lord Dalhousie, who became the Governor- General in He annexed Punjab, Peshawar and the Pathan tribes in the north-west of India.
And bythe British conquest and its authority were firmly established. And while the British power gained its heights during the middle of the 19th century, the discontent of the local rulers, the peasantry, the intellectuals, common masses as also of the soldiers who became unemployed due to the disbanding of the armies of various states that were annexed by the British, became widespread.
This soon broke out into a revolt which assumed the dimensions of the Mutiny. It had been by no means a smooth affair as the simmering discontent of the people manifested itself in many localized revolt during this period.
However, the Mutiny ofwhich began with a revolt of the military soldiers at Meerut, soon became widespread and posed a grave challenge to the British rule.
Even though the British succeeded in crushing it within a year, it was certainly a popular revolt in which the Indian rulers, the masses and the militia participated so enthusiastically that it came to be regarded as the First War of Indian Independence.
Introduction of zamindari system by the British, where the peasants were ruined through exorbitant charges made from them by the new class of landlords. The craftsmen were destroyed by the influx of the British manufactured goods.
The religion and the caste system which formed the firm foundation of the traditional Indian society was endangered by the British administration.India Before Partition of India In , the British East India Company was established, and in , The India Act allowed for power to be transferred to the British government.
The British Government never had complete control, but it certainly had power. The Partition of India happened on August 14th, and August 15th, When the British left India on August 15th, Freedom of religion in India is a fundamental right guaranteed by Article of the Constitution of India.
Modern India came into existence in and the Indian constitution's preamble was amended in to state that India is a secular state. However, in S.R Bommai v. Union of India, Supreme Court of India ruled that India was already a secular state from the time it adopted its.
Mar 03, · India and Pakistan won independence in August , following a nationalist struggle lasting nearly three decades. It set a vital precedent for the .
When the British left India on August 15th, (after the formation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan), they left the country divided. This led to the formation of Pakistan and India, and later, in , Bangladesh declared its independence from Pakistan.
In , the Punjab Province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. The western part was assimilated into new country of Pakistan while the east stayed in India. Partition displaced fifteen million people and killed more than a million. In August, , when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.