Mood disorders

These include major depressive disorder; dysthymic disorder a chronic, mild depression ; and bipolar disorder also called manic depression. Major depressive disorder is, by itself, the leading cause of disability among Americans age 15 — 44, according to the World Health Organization. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs resulted from the work of the late Nobel Laureate and NIH researcher Julius Axelrod, who defined the action of brain chemicals neurotransmitters in mood disorders.

Mood disorders

What Are Mood Disorders? Mood disorders are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood. Illness under mood disorders include: The Relationship Between Psychiatric Disorders and Mood Disorders Depression is a common feature of mental illness, whatever its nature and origin.

Mood disorders

A person with a history of any serious psychiatric disorder has almost as high a chance of developing major depression as someone who has had major depression itself in the past. Alcohol, Substance Abuse and Depression Alcoholism and other forms of drug dependence are also related to depression.

Dual diagnosis - substance abuse and another psychiatric disorder, usually a mood disorder - is an increasingly serious psychiatric concern.

Mood disorders

Whether drug abuse causes depression, depression leads to drug abuse, or both have a common cause, a vicious spiral ensues when addicts use the drugs to relieve symptoms the drugs have caused.

Sometimes what appears to be major depression clears up after abstinence from alcohol or drugs. People with serious mood disorders also have twice the average rate of nicotine addiction, and many become depressed when they try to stop smoking.

Personality and Mood Disorders People are more easily demoralized by depression and slower to recover if they are withdrawn and unreasonably self-critical or irritable, impulsive, and hypersensitive to loss.

As a biological mechanism for coping with danger, anxiety creates a need for help or protection that may give way to despair if it is disappointed.

Overview of Mood Disorders | Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library

Chronically anxious people may also medicate themselves with alcohol or drugs that can cause depression. Depression and Physical Illness Depression is associated with physical illness as well. Chronic medical conditions associated with depression include heart disease, cancer, vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, hepatitis, and malaria.

Even moderate depressive symptoms are associated with a higher than average rate of arteriosclerosis, heart attacks, and high blood pressure. Depression can mimic medical illness and any illness feels worse to someone suffering from depression.Mood disorders can increase a person's risk for heart disease, diabetes, and other diseases.

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Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. With treatment, most people with mood disorders can lead productive lives.

Demi Lovato shares her personal story with mental health problems and offers advice for young adults. If you have, or believe you may have, a mental health problem, it .

Mood disorders

A mood disorder, also referred to as an affective disorder, is a condition that severely impacts your mood and its related functions. Mood disorder is a broad term that's used to include all the different types of depression and bipolar disorder, both of which affect your mood.

Learn about Mood Disorders on, including information on symptoms, causes and treatments. mood disorders mental disorders whose essential feature is a disturbance of mood manifested by episodes of manic, hypomanic, or depressive symptoms, or some combination of these.

The two major categories are . Mood disorders can affect all parts of your life, along with your own sense of mental well-being. Find out more about these conditions and what you can do about them.

NIH Fact Sheets - Mood Disorders