Plan of Salvation Without more, however, these deaths would have defeated the plan after having made it possible. Death had to be permitted, but it also had to be overcome or we could not return to the presence of God. Jacob, the brother of Nephi, explained it this way:
Some suggest those with limited rationality for example, people who are mildly mentally disabled or infants  also have some basic moral capabilities. Immanuel Kant argued that whether or not our real selfthe noumenal self, can choose, we have Moral agency choice but to believe that we choose freely when we make a choice.
This does not mean that we can control the effects of our actions. Some Indeterminists would argue we have no free will either. If, with respect to human behaviour, a so-called 'cause' results in an indeterminate number of possible, so-called 'effects', that does not mean the person had the free-thinking independent will to choose that 'effect'.
More likely, it was the indeterminate consequence of his chance genetics, chance experiences and chance circumstances relevant at the time of the 'cause'. In Kant's philosophy, this calls for an act of faith, the faith free agent is based on something a priori, yet to be known, or immaterial. Otherwise, without free agent's a priori fundamental source, socially essential concepts created from human mind, such as justice, would be undermined responsibility implies freedom of choice and, in short, civilization and human values would crumble.
It is useful to compare the idea of moral agency with the legal doctrine of mens reawhich means guilty mind, and states that a person is legally responsible for what he does as long as he should know what he is doing, and his choices are deliberate.
Some theorists discard any attempts to evaluate mental states and, instead, adopt the doctrine of strict liabilitywhereby one is liable under the law without regard to capacity, and that the only thing is to determine the degree of punishmentif any.
Moral determinists would most likely adopt a similar point of view. Psychologist Albert Bandura has observed that moral agents engage in selective moral disengagement in regards to their own inhumane conduct.
For this reason, they would exclude other animals from moral consideration. This is the argument from marginal cases. Artificial moral agents[ edit ] The term artificial moral agent has taken on two usages.
The first is in debates on whether it is possible for an artificial system to be a moral agent - see artificial systems and moral responsibility. The second usage stems from efforts to construct machines with ethically-significant behaviors - see machine ethics. The proper distinction between these two usages has itself been a key point of debate.Moral agency in nursing.
Moral agency involves risk. It is an action that is at odds with the traditional role of the nurse. constructmoral agencyto account for another feature of moral life, which is the experience of intentional moral failure, of visiting harm unto others with full knowledge that it is wrong to do so.
Moral Agent. A moral agent is a person who has the ability to discern right from wrong and to be held accountable for his or her own actions. Moral agents have a moral responsibility not to cause unjustified harm.
Traditionally, moral agency is assigned only to those who can be held responsible for their actions. Moral agency as defined by Wainryb (Pasupathi & Wainryb, ) refers to people's understandings and experience of themselves as agents--people whose morally relevant actions are grounded in their own mental states, goals, beliefs and emotions.
1. Some Historical Background. What follows in this section is a brief outline of the origins and trajectory of reflection on moral responsibility in the Western philosophical tradition.
But the word agency appears either by itself or with the modifier moral: “That every man may act in doctrine and principle according to the moral agency which I have given unto him, that every man may be accountable for his own sins in the day of judgment” (D&C ; emphasis added).