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Share via Print New-generation robotics will increasingly have more autonomy and capacity to react without preprogramming, which complicates current debates on robotics.
This essay was produced in coordination with the World Economic Forum. In the past four decades technology has fundamentally altered our lives: These technologies have not been without controversy, and many have sparked intense debates that are often polarized or embroiled in scientific ambiguities or dishonest demagoguery.
The debate on stem cells and embryo researchfor example, has become a hot-button political issue involving scientists, policy makers, politicians and religious groups.
Similarly, the discussions on genetically modified organisms GMOs have mobilized civil society, scientists and policy makers in a wide debate on ethics and safety. The developments in genome-editing technologies are just one example that bioresearch and its impact on market goods are strongly dependent on social acceptance and cannot escape public debates of regulation and ethics.
Moreover, requests for transparency are increasingly central to these debates, as shown by movements like Right to Knowwhich has repeatedly demanded the labeling of GMOs on food products.
Ethical and regulatory challenges On March 4 the World Economic Forum released its list of the top 10 emerging technologies for It includes advances that aim to resolve some of the ethical debates posed by an earlier generation of technologies as well as others that will bring about new ethical and regulatory challenges.
Professional issues in information technology essay have already been around for years or, in various forms, for decades for example, fuel-cell vehicles, artificial intelligence, the digital genome, additive manufacturing methods.
They are now transitioning to a new phase, however, becoming more widely used or incorporated in consumer goods. In one way or another all these technologies are bound to gain more ground in coming years. Precise genetic-engineering techniques will likely solve some of the main controversial elements in the GMO debate—for example, the fact that genetic engineering was neither precise nor predictable.
The range of procedures associated with GM crops is precise in the initial process of cutting and splitting genes in the test tubes. But the subsequent steps are uncontrolled and some mutations can occur and alter the functioning of the natural genes in potentially harmful ways.
A technique that would achieve greater accuracy and greater predictability over genetic mutations is, of course, a net improvement on conventional GMOs. More accuracy is also expected in the operation of drones with the adaptation of the sense-and-avoid equipment. This will have unequivocal security benefits, helping unmanned aerial vehicles avoid collisions with other drones or piloted aircraft.
The critical offshoot of this innovation is that it will encourage and enable the operation of a larger number of drones, a development which can be both welcomed for instance, China flies drones to help fight pollution and anticipated, as the growth in dangerous drone flights around populated areas appears to be developing ahead of regulations.
Autonomous systems, artificial intelligence AI and robotics, while already decades-old technologies, will continue to expand their functionalities and enter new eras of continual specialization.
More intuitive, emergent AI could change speech and conversational software with unprecedented precision, helping millions of people and also redefining the way we command and interact with computers.
Robots as intelligent as humans New-generation robotics will increasingly have more autonomy and capacity to react without preprogramming, which complicates current debates on robotics: The trust and reliance invested in a robot will have to be greater, bringing robots closer to the point of being on par with us.
Neuromorphic chip technology further illustrates this. It is among the most revolutionary developments in AI and a radical step in computing power. Mimicking the intricacies of the human brain, a neuro-inspired computer would work in a fashion similar to the way neurons and synapses communicate.
It could potentially learn or develop memory.
This would imply that, for instance, a drone equipped with a neuromorphic chip would be better at surveillance, remembering or recognizing new elements in its environment. Immediate ethical red flags emerge, however: Building neuromorphic chips would create machines as smart as humans, the most intelligent species on the planet.
These technologies are demonstrations of human excellence yet computers that think could be devastating for our species and, as Marvin Minsky has put it, they could even keep humanity as pets. The interest in smart machines is now also pursued in additive manufacturing methods, which are increasingly integrating smart materials into manufacturing.
These materials could adapt, change properties, interact or respond to their environments.
With 4-D Printingwhich takes into account the transformation that occurs over time, some materials will adapt and repair by themselves without maintenance or they could be preprogrammed to disintegrate on their own.
This will raise new questions of standardization, traceability and copyright. More radical disruptions will occur once the technology transitions to the organic world, making it possible to assemble biomaterials that evolve and develop on their own, design cancer-fighting robots that would release antibodies only in contact with cancerous cells, and so on.
The moment of the print button for biology is nearing. Effectively, this could also mean that in a not too-distant future smart pharmacology will permit us to receive a continuous supply of antidepressants or neuroenhancers every time our dopamine level drops.
The ethical consequences of such developments should be thought through. Having our emotions controlled in detail by smart machines will pave the way for dangerous forms of dependences and new understandings of our humanity and the emotions that define us.
Genome-based treatment, based on wider and cheaper availability of genome data, will provide new ways to customize the therapeutic protocol and enhance our control over diseases and medical treatment.Social and Professional Issues in Information Technology Investigate Social Issue in Information Technology From the pyramids of Egypt to the Internet of today, social synergy has been critical to development of human civilized society for thousands of years.
Issues in Information Technology Words | 4 Pages. Brent C. Dugan ITAT6 Ethical issues in Information Technology Information Technology And Resource Use As of Autumn , leadership of the Network for E (N4E) is being taken over by Professor Scott Matthews of Carnegie Mellon, one of its founding members.
Located in the Columbus, Ohio, neighborhood of Bexley, Capital University is a private, four-year undergraduate institution and graduate school that transforms lives through higher education. law in USA for learned professionals who are dismissed from employment for obeying professional ethics.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT).. Humans have been storing, retrieving, manipulating, and communicating information . Past papers and examiners' reports for the Professional Issues in Information Systems Practice diploma module are available below.