What is a secret is how much.
It has been argued that leaders are born with traits and are not made. This means that the culture, the environment, and the people leaders lived with had nothing to contribute to their leadership. It should however be noted that the Great Man and the Traits theories that share the view that leaders are born but not made are contested against the leaders are made theories of Behavioural and Contingency theories.
There are so many definitions associated with leadership. Leadership has no fixed meaning. Pardey defines leadership as the ability to inspire fellowship, bring about change, make decision, provide direction, and that this skills and qualities can be developed.
In the olden days of Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, leadership was related to the military but not with the organisation. Braveness and the ability to take initiative were considered as leadership in the military. According to Bennis, W.
Organisations require a leader as it is an integral part of an organisations management. Leadership is seen in organisations such as families, political Institutions, businesses, military, academic institutions, religious bodies, entertainment and sports. These theories include the Great man theory, the Traits theory, the Contingency theory and the Behavioural theory.
The Great man theory assumes that leaders are born and not made. It also believes that great leaders will come out from the society to solve a particular problem which the society is facing within a particular time.
This theory was based on the study of people who had already attained great leadership. One advantage of the Great man theory is that it had been able to identify some of the Great leaders in the olden days.
However, gender issues were not discussed under the great man theory and women were hardly given the opportunity to assume these roles. The theory could also not mention some great leaders in modern day corporate organisation.
In my view, the great man theory did not consider the olden day's great leaders like Jesus from their childhood. This prevented the theory from identifying the influence the environment, the culture and the people had on the development of these Great leaders from their youthful days.
Again, the trait theory also states that people are born with inherited talents. It also assumes that these talents are particularly suited to leadership. The theory relates good leadership to people who have the right combination of natural traits and talents.
Stogdill also states the following traits and skills in relation to leadership under traits as ability to change to suit certain situations, aware of the culture needs of the societyachievement-orientedambitious, assertive, team player, decisive, reliable, desire to influence his followers, energetic ,persistent, self-confident, stress tolerant and willingness to assume responsibility.
He also mentioned skills such as knowledgeable and intelligent, creative, conceptually skilled, diplomatic, fluent in speaking and tactful, intelligent about group task, administrative ability, persuasive and socially skilled.
Another contributor to the trait theory, Jago states leader traits under groupings as physical and constitutional factors, personality characteristics, social characteristics, skills and ability.
Again, the traits can be classified as trait-like and state-like attributes. The trait-like refers to Galton's idea of inherited, genetic traits. Zaccaro adds that, state-like traits are more skilled traits and can be developed and adapted to various circumstances.
The contingency theory talks about the concepts and the frameworks that are able to take into account both differences in leaders and differences in situations.
Here, there is no one best way to lead. For example, the leader consults the followers if there is enough time available and commands his followers if they are difficult to be controlled or there is an emergency. Contingency theory assumes that the leader's ability to lead is based on various situational factors including their preferred styles, capabilities and attitude of their followers.
Avery also argues that leader's behaviour, styles and actions may change to suit the demands of the situation at hand. Behavioural theory is one of the theories under leadership that assumes that leaders can be made, but are not born.
It also adds that successful leadership are based on definable and learnable behaviour. This leadership theory does not seek inborn traits or capabilities. Instead, they look at what leaders actually do. Jago puts it that frequency of processes, activities and behaviours leads to effectiveness of leadership.
The Great man theory assumes that leaders are born and not made as it argues that Great leaders will rise when there is the need for a leader. There is always a time when the relentless need for a leader can be seen within a particular situation.
Leaders such as Jesus Christ of Nazareth and Sampson are leaders who came about when there was a need for a leader. When God wanted to reconcile with man, he had to give away his son who will lead and will be the only way man can find himself with God again.
Jesus Christ was born into the world to lead and teach Christians the right way to get to God. Sampson on the other had to be born into the world to save the Israelites from the Philistines when God forgave them their sins and wanted to deliver them from the hands of their enemies.The Naveen Jindal School of Management at the University of Texas at Dallas offers a highly acclaimed MS in Healthcare Leadership and Management, as well as an online MBA with a concentration in Healthcare Leadership and Management.
Though women now represent 47% of the workforce, as compared to 38% in the s, only 12% of engineers are female. Furthermore, the percentage of women working in computer science-related professions has steadily declined since the s, dropping from 35% to 25% in the last 15 years. College of Arts and Sciences.
The oldest college among the four, the College of Arts & Sciences is home to a spanning range of undergraduate, graduate, and pre-professional degrees.
Literature, languages, music, history, biology, social sciences, criminal justice—liberal . About this resource. This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Introduction. The report discusses the application of strategic process and stages such as strategic analysis; strategic formulation, and strategic implementation in the food processing industry.
Environmental management has been defined as both a process and a field of study (Wilson and Bryant ). In his book, Barrow ( p. 5) presented an overview of some definitions of Environmental Management.