A recent WHO data report on mortality attributable to tobacco use including cigarette smoking indicated a very high burden of deaths in Asia and that people often initiate smoking as early as young adolescents. The objectives of this study were to systematically review peer-reviewed articles on cigarette smoking initiation among Asian adolescents and to develop a conceptual model of factors influencing smoking initiation by integrating all relevant factors based on existing data. Following a PRISMA guideline, a systematic review of articles published between and June was conducted using 5 databases on cigarette smoking initiation among adolescents aged years living in Asia.
And advertising means a mode of communication between a seller and a buyer. Thus ethics in advertising means a set of well defined principles which govern the ways of communication taking place between the seller and the buyer.
Ethics is the most important feature of the advertising industry. Nowadays, ads are more exaggerated and a lot of puffing is used. It seems like the advertisers lack knowledge of ethical norms and principles. The main area of interest for advertisers is to increase their sales, gain more and more customers, and increase the demand for the product by presenting a well decorated, puffed and colorful ad.
They claim that their product is the best, having unique qualities than the competitors, more cost effective, and more beneficial. But most of these ads are found to be false, misleading customers and unethical.
The best example of these types of ads is the one which shows evening snacks for the kids, they use coloring and gluing to make the product look glossy and attractive to the consumers who are watching the ads on television and convince them to buy the product without giving a second thought.
Ethics in Advertising is directly related to the purpose of advertising and the nature of advertising. Sometimes exaggerating the ad becomes necessary to prove the benefit of the product.
Thus, the purpose of advertising was only to inform women about the product quality. Obviously, every woman knows that this cannot practically happen but the ad was accepted. Ethics also depends on what we believe.
If the advertisers make the ads on the belief that the customers will understand, persuade them to think, and then act on their ads, then this will lead to positive results and the ad may not be called unethical.
But at the same time, if advertisers believe that they can fool their customers by showing any impractical things like just clicking fingers will make your home or office fully furnished or just buying a lottery ticket will make you a millionaire, then this is not going to work out for them and will be called as unethical.
Recently, the Vetican issued an article which says ads should follow three moral principles - Truthfulness, Social Responsibility and Upholding Human Dignity.
Generally, big companies never lie as they have to prove their points to various ad regulating bodies. Truth is always said but not completely. Sometimes its better not to reveal the whole truth in the ad but at times truth has to be shown for betterment.
Pharmaceutical Advertising - they help creating awareness, but one catchy point here is that the advertisers show what the medicine can cure but never talk about the side effects of that same thing or the risks involved in intake of it.
Children - children are the major sellers of the ads and the product.
They have the power to convince the buyers. But when advertisers are using children in their ad, they should remember not to show them alone doing there work on their own like brushing teeth, playing with toys, or infants holding their own milk bottles as everyone knows that no one will leave their kids unattended while doing all these activities.
So showing parents also involved in all activities or things being advertised will be more logical. They use mineral water and sodas in their advertisements with their brand name. These types of ads are called surrogate ads. These type of ads are totally unethical when liquor ads are totally banned.
Even if there are no advertisements for alcohol, people will continue drinking. Cigarettes and Tobacco - these products should be never advertised as consumption of these things is directly and badly responsible for cancer and other severe health issues. Ads for social causes - these types of ads are ethical and are accepted by the people.Illicit substance use clustered with the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis.
Hookah use was regularly associated with alcohol consumption, less commonly associated with tobacco or cannabis use and very rarely associated with use of other illicit substances. Sep 17, · If industries like tobacco and liquor are following ethical principles then they can freely distribute it.
Profits earned by ethics are more valuable then by doing illegal work.
As a general rule, socially responsible investors support corporate practices that promote environmental awareness, consumer protection and human rights and . role of women to stay within the domestic sphere.
4. However, equally important to the Union was its second distinction—that it was domestic violence, tobacco and cigarette use, and prostitution. discusses local crusades against havens of liquor consumption, or saloons, and emphasizes the overall theme of alcohol as a moral vice and.
When we analyzed the effect of smoking types and concurrent alcohol consumption, the risk of oral cancer was significantly increased compared to using either alcohol or tobacco alone, thus these two substances have significant interactive role in causing oral cancer.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, many say a failed state and some say a non-existent state – anyone, no matter the age, can get a beer anywhere, anytime. In many Western Buddhist organizations, the five precepts play a major role in developing ethical guidelines.
Furthermore, Buddhist teachers such as Philip Kapleau, Thich Nhat Hanh and Robert Aitken have promoted mindful consumption in the West, based on the five precepts.