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History[ edit ] The term characterization was introduced in the 19th century. Direct or explicit characterization The author literally tells the audience what a character is like. This may be done via the narratoranother character or by the character themselves.
Indirect or implicit characterization The audience must infer for themselves what the character is like through the character's thoughts, actions, speech choice of words, manner of speakingphysical appearance, mannerisms and interaction with other characters, including other characters' reactions to that particular person.
In drama[ edit ] Characters in theater, television, and film differ from those in novels in that an actor may interpret the writer's description and dialogue in their own unique way to add new layers and depth to a character.
This can be seen when critics compare, for example, the 'Lady Macbeths' or 'Heathcliffs' of different actors. Another major difference in drama is that it is not possible to 'go inside the character's head' in the way possible in a novel, meaning this method of character exposition is unavailable.
Still another is that in drama, a character usually can be seen and heard and need not be described. Character archetypes[ edit ] The psychologist Carl Jung identified twelve primary 'original patterns' of the human psyche. He believed that these reside in the collective subconscious of people across cultural and political boundaries.
These twelve archetypes are often cited in fictional characters. Jung's twelve archetypes are: A character's voice is his or her manner of speech. For example, some characters are talkative, others taciturn. In theory, a reader should be able to identify which character is speaking simply from the way he or she talks.
The character will have other interests or personality quirks as well. Considering the degree of formality in spoken language is also useful.
Characters who spend a lot of their lives in a more formal setting often use a more formal language all the time, while others never do. The speaking is how his or her essential personality leaks out for the world to see; it is not the sum total of his or her personality.Check out the 10 best screenwriting books you should read in to become a better screenwriter and improve your writing style.
The list of best screenwriting books will enhance your understanding of screenwriting of any given area. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Learn how to do just about everything at eHow.
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I was writing my pilot during that time- never wrote a screenplay before. 31 pages later couldn’t be happier with the results- you don’t need school- you need passion and a willingness to go find the answers. Kerry, that is funny that you’re addressing the use of quotation marks.
I should be clear that this is an American rule, since I’m American, however I would argue that if you plan to send writing within the US, it helps to not have confusing Canadian or British punctuation (don’t kill me for saying that). For Dummies Huge eBook Collection.
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